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python中使用urllib2伪造HTTP报头的2个方法

方法1、
#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#encoding=utf-8
#Filename:urllib2-header.py
  
import urllib2
import sys
  
#抓取网页内容-发送报头-1
url= "http://www.jb51.net"
send_headers = {
 'Host':'www.jb51.net',
 'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; rv:16.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/16.0',
 'Accept':'text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8',
 'Connection':'keep-alive'
}
  
req = urllib2.Request(url,headers=send_headers)
r = urllib2.urlopen(req)
  
html = r.read()        #返回网页内容
receive_header = r.info()     #返回的报头信息
  
# sys.getfilesystemencoding() 
html = html.decode('utf-8','replace').encode(sys.getfilesystemencoding()) #转码:避免输出出现乱码 
  
print receive_header
# print '####################################'
print html
方法2、

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#encoding=utf-8
#Filename:urllib2-header.py
  
import urllib2
import sys
  
url = 'http://www.jb51.net'
  
req = urllib2.Request(url)
req.add_header('Referer','http://www.jb51.net/')
req.add_header('User-Agent','Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; rv:16.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/16.0')
r = urllib2.urlopen(req)
  
html = r.read()
receive_header = r.info()
  
html = html.decode('utf-8').encode(sys.getfilesystemencoding())
  
print receive_header
print '#####################################'
print html
浏览325  评论0  Alex于 2017-8-1 10:42
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